主页 > 资料下载 > 武汉大学网络教育专升本入学考试 英语模拟试题

武汉大学网络教育专升本入学考试 英语模拟试题

发布时间:2015-08-05
武汉大学网络教育入学考试
大学英语模拟试题

 
I. Phonetics
Directions: In each of the following group of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C, and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
1. A. chin              B. bite           C. alive                D. side
2. A. gate             B. hate           C. jade                D. staff
3. A. cheap            B. sweat           C. treat                       D. leap
4. A. child           B. chef                  C. church              D. chicken
5. A. chore                  B. chocolate        C. school              D. arch
6. A. fork          B. forward            C. fortunately        D. forbid
7. A. contrary             B. comfortable        C. composition       D. common
8. A. violin        B. machine         C. magazine                 D. police
9. A. examine      B. extra            C. excuse            D. exhibition
10. A. though             B. thus                C. through             D. worthy
11. A. Russian               B. racial                C. special                     D. industrial
12. A. passage               B. package         C. strange         D. orange
13. A. father               B. marathon             C. author        D. strengthen
14. A. loud                    B. moustache            C. lounge         D. ground
15. A. grandma                 B. handkerchief    C. handsome     D. grandson
16. A. zinc         B. handbag         C. winter           D. wound
17. A. known       B. knowledge       C. pillow           D. yellow
18. A. widespread   B. weather          C. weave           D. weapon
 
II. Vocabulary and Structure
Directions: There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
1. After watching _____ TV, she played _____ violin for an hour.
    A. /... /            B. the.., the           C. the... /           D. /... the
2. China is larger than _____ country in Asia.
    A. any            B. any other           C. other            D. another
3. _____ food you’ve cooked!
    A. How a nice      B. What a nice         C. How nice        D. What nice
4. I invited Tom and Ann to dinner, but _____ of them came.
    A. neither         B. both                C. either           D. none
5. Does _____ matter if he can’t finish the job on time?
    A. this            B. that                C. he              D. it
6. The experiment was _____ easier than we had expected.
    A. more          B. much more           C. much           D. more much
7. The volleyball match will be put off if it _____.
    A. will rain      B. rains                 C. rained          D. is raining
8. The library needs _____ , but it’ll have to wait until Sunday.
    A. cleaning     B. be cleaned              C. clean           D. being cleaned
9. Mary _____ a dress when she cut her finger.
    A. made       B. is making              C. was making      D. makes
10. I learned to _____ a bicycle as a small boy.
    A. drive       B. run                   C. operate          D. ride
11. These oranges taste _____.
    A. good       B. well                   C. to be good        D. to be well
12. A new school was _____ in the village last year.
    A. held up     B. set up                  C. sent up           D. brought up
13. She’s upstairs _____ letters.
    A. writes      B. is writing               C. write             D. writing
14. It was so cold that they kept the fire _____ all night.
    A. to burn     B. burn                   C. burning           D. burned
15. Will you _____ me a favor, please?
A. do         B. make                  C. give              D. bring
16. I don’t know the restaurant, but it’s _____ to be quite a good one.
      A. said          B. told           C. spoken          D. talked
17. Mother was worried because little Alice was ill, especially _____ father was away in France.
      A. as            B. that           C. during          D. if
18. I need one more stamp before my collection _____.
      A. had completed                  B. completes
      C. has been completed              D. is completed
19. The weather turned out to be very good, _____ was more than we could expect.
      A. what          B. which         C. that            D. if
20. We write to each other _____, even when there’s not much to say.
      A. now and then   B. by and by      C. step by step      D. more or less
21. Do you know the boy _____ under the big tree?
      A. lay           B. lain           C. laying           D. lying
22. I _____ ten minutes to decide whether I should reject the offer.
      A. gave          B. was given      C. was giving       D. had given
23. It is well known that Thomas Edison _____ the electric lamp.
      A. invented       B. discovered     C. found           D. developed
24. This year they have produced _____ grain _____ they did last year.
     A. as less.., as     B. as few.., as     C. less.., than      D. fewer.., than
25. Go on _____ the other exercise after you have finished this one.
     A. to do          B. doing         C. with           D. to be doing
26. I didn’t hear the phone. I _____ asleep.
     A. must be      B. must have been   C. should be       D. should have been
27. Cheap coal _____ a lot of smoke.
     A. gives up       B. gives in        C. gives away     D. gives off
28. My brother _____ while he _____ his bicycle and hurt himself.
      A. fell.., was riding                B. fell.., were riding
      C. had fallen.., rode                D. had fallen.., was riding
29. Not until the early years of the 19th century _____ what heat is.
      A. man did know                  B. man knew
      C. didn’t man know                D. did man know
30. These photographs will show you _____.
      A. what does our village look like     B. what our village looks like
      C. how does our village look like      D. how our village looks like
31. --How did Bob do in the exams this time?
--Well, his father seems __ with his results.
 A. pleasing              B. please               C. pleased              D. to please
32. Paul doesn't have to be made __. He always works hard.
A. learn               B. to learn             C. learned         D. learning
33. There __ some books and a pen on the desk.
A. is          B. are                C. be             D. was
34. __ more careful, his ship would not have sunk.
A. If the captain were                    B. Had the captain been
C. Should the captain be                  D. If the captain would have been
35. Never in my life __ such a thing.
A. I have heard or have seen              B. have I heard or seen
C. I have heard or seen                   D. did I hear or see
36. If you want to book a round-trip ticket, you'll have to pay __ $30.
A. more        B. other               C. the other        D. another
37. Although the medicine tastes __, it seems to help my condition.
A. bad         B. badly               C. too much bad    D. too badly
38.The population of the world has grown very fast __ four hundred years.
   A. for pass      B. in the pass           C. in the past       D. for past
39. Mary had finished her homework __ the time I got home.
   A. until         B. at                  C. by             D. when
40. Happily for john's mother, he is working harder to __ his lost time.
    A. make up for                         B. keep up with
    C. catch up with                        D. make use of
41. We didn't plan our art exhibition like that but it __ very well.
    A. carried on                           B. tried out
    C. went on                             D. worked out
42. At that time Tom was __ one-year-old baby.
    A. a           B. an                 C. the             D.  /
43. Shanghai is in __ east of China.
    A.  /           B. an                 C. a              D. the
44. Two __ died of cold in that country last winter.
    A. hundreds old people                   B. hundreds of old people
    C. hundred old people                    D. hundred old peoples
45. There are some new books in the school library. They are __ books.
    A. child        B. childrens'           C. children        D. children's
46. I expect all my letters __ promptly.
     A. to type         B. typed            C. to be typed      D. being typed
47. What's the language __ in Germany?
     A. speaking       B. spoken           C. be spoken       D. to speak
48. I feel __ unwise to give a child whatever he or she wants.
    A. that           B. how            C. it             D. what
49. Neither you nor he __ right.
    A. are           B. would           C. am            D. is
50. The doctors tried their best to save the patient's life, __ failed.
    A. or            B. so              C. but            D. because
51. Without electricity, human life __ quite different today.
    A. is            B. will be           C. would have been  D. would be
52. How I wish every family __ a large house with a beautiful garden!
    A. has           B. had             C. will have        D. had had
53. Not until I began to work __ how much time I had wasted.
A. didn't I realize                    B. did I realize
    C. I didn't realize                    D. I realized
54. I liked to play football when I was young. __
    A. So he was    B. So was he           C. So did he        D. So he did
55. He is a very tall young man. He is the second __ man in his company.
    A. tall          B. taller               C. tallest          D. most tall
56. Usually Susan spends __ time doing her given job than other girls do in her office.
    A. less         B. little                C. few            D. fewer
57. He works __.
    A. alone        B. lonely              C. lone            D. lonesome
58. I enjoy the concert last night; they played __ beautiful music.
    A. such         B. such a              C. so              D. so a
III. Cloze
Directions: For each blank of the following passage, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
(一)
From Monday until Friday most people are busy   1   , but in the evenings and on weekends they are free and enjoy themselves. Some watch TV or go to the movies;   2    take part in sports. It depends on individual    3   . There are many different ways to spend our     4   time.
Almost everyone has some kind of hobby. It may be    5   from collecting stamps to making model airplanes. Some hobbies are very    6  ; others don’t    7   at all. Some collections are worth a lot of money; others are valuable only    8   their owners.
I know a man who has a    9   collection worth several thousand dollars. A short time ago he bought a rare fifty-cent piece   10   $ 250. He was very happy about his collection and thought the price was    11  . On the contrary, my youngest brother   12   match boxes. He has almost 600 of them.  But I  13   if they are worth any money. However, for my brother they are   14   valuable. Nothing makes him   15   than to find a new match box for his collection.
1. A. work or study                          B. working or studying
   C. in working or studying                 D. in work or study
2. A. other           B. the other            C. another              D. others
3. A. time                 B. energy                   C. interests            D. fun
4. A. spare                 B. working            C. own               D. day
5. A. OK                  B. all right                  C. anything            D. something
6. A. expensive             B. interesting                C. exciting                  D. cheap
7.A. spend anything           B. cost anything         C. pay nothing          D. need something
8. A. for                   B. to                       C. with                     D. of
9.A. collect                 B. coinage           C. coin                     D. cooperate
10. A. worth              B. spent                    C. worthy             D. used
11.A. very high             B. just all right         C. reasonable          D. too expensive
12. A. collects            B. buys               C. chooses             D. selects
13. A. deliver              B. doubt                    C. double                   D. decide
14. A. extremely          B. extreme            C. complete          D. special
15. A. so happy            B. that happy          C. more happily        D. happier
(二)
It was cloudy, and a heavy rain seemed to come soon. Jim walked slowly along the country road to    1   back home. A truck was    2   towards him from behind. The driver stopped the truck    3   him and asked loudly if he could give him    4  . Jim hesitated for a few seconds before    5  . He didn’t like the man’s   6   or the way he talked. And at other time he would have said, “   7  ,” but his leg hurt, and it was a long    8   home. He got    9  . The big car started off in a burst of speed. “I   10   who you are,” the man said after hesitating for a moment. “I know you’re the fellow who makes the   11   on the team. With your working hard, they   12  . Without, they lose. It’s as   13   as that.” The man   14   up into his pocket and took out a new $ 100 bill. “There’s more where this came from, if you know what I  15  ,” he said, breaking into a sly smile.
1. A. come                  B. go                 C. return          D. going
2. A. heard running           B. hear running         C. running fast     D. listened running
3. A. besides         B. ahead of          C. beside        D. far behind
4. A. elevator                B. lift                      C. a lift         D. lifter
5. A. getting in               B. getting up            C. getting out of  D. getting through
6. A. clothes               B. looks                 C. van            D. motorcycle
7.A. All right               B. Not me           C. Yes, please      D. No, thanks
8. A. ride                  B. walk               C. time           D. voyage
9. A. up                   B. down              C. in             D. off
10. A. know                B. realize             C. understand      D. learn
11. A. progress              B. importance           C. difference     D. improvement
12. A. win                 B. grow               C. exist           D. gain
13. A. easy                B. difficult            C. clean           D. simple
14. A. put                 B. spread              C. reached         D. got
15.A. say                 B. mean              C. like            D. have
(三)
Mobile phones help us communicate everywhere, which is very important. They are good at emergencies, when you've   1  a car accident, for instance. A mobile phone   2  save your life! Mobile phones are also   3  because they have many good features--we can take photos and send them all over the world. But every coin has two sides. The   4  thing about mobile phones is that you have no privacy. My boss and friends and me whenever they want! I haven't enjoyed a whole quiet day since the day I   5  my mobile phone.   6  disadvantage is that mobile phones make us lose good habits, such as punctuality. Before, when we   7  keep in touch so easily, if we had a date with someone, we tried our best to arrive   8  time. But now, because of the mobile phone, we are not afraid of   9   late any more, so, surprisingly enough, we make people wait! The third  10  I see is that I change my mobile phone once a year, and this means I'm spending   11  too much money on it. I think it is important to think   12  we use mobile phones. We should use things such as mobile phones, laptops, cameras, the Internet, and so on,  13   our needs. We can  14  our mobile phone when we don't want to be disturbed by  15 . If we know how to use it, we can eliminate its disadvantages.
  1. A. have                 B. made                C. had                   D. crashed
  2. A. must           B. can            C. need           D. have to
  3. A. annoyed        B. interested       C. interesting            D. annoying
4. A. worse          B. good         C. worst                D. important
  5. A. paid            B. acquired      C. obtained      D. got
  6. A. Other          B. One other     C. The other       D. Another
  7. A. couldn't         B. must           C. can't           D. have
  8. A. at              B. in             C. on           D. by
  9. A. be             B. to be         C. being                D. stayed
  10. A. shortcoming    B. convenience   C. part          D. mobile phone
  11. A. very          B. far            C. lots          D. many
  12. A. reason       B. that            C. when         D. why
  13. A. for satisfy     B. to satisfy      C. for to satisfy   D. so satisfying
  14. A. turn off       B. turn on       C. set off        D. set on
  15. A. anyone      B. neither one    C. everyone       D. someone
IV. Reading Comprehension
Directions: there are five reading passages in this part. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose one best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
(一)
One day a lawyer’s wife fell ill and he went to get a doctor. The doctor went to see the woman, but before he went into the house he stopped. He knew that the lawyer never paid his bill . So he said to the man, “But if I do cure your wife I’m afraid you may not pay me.”
“Sir,” said the lawyer, “here I have $ 500. Whether you cure my wife or whether you kill her I will give you all this.”
     The doctor was now sure of the payment and went into the house. When he reached the woman’s bedside, it was soon clear to him that he could do little. She was badly ill, and though he gave her some medicine to take, she soon died.
     He told the lawyer he was very sorry, then, asked for the money.
     “Did you kill my wife?” asked the lawyer.
     “Of course not,” said the doctor.
     “Well, did you cure my wife?” asked the lawyer.
     “I’m afraid that was impossible,” answered the doctor.
     “Well then, since you didn’t kill her and you didn’t cure her, I have nothing to pay you.”
1. Before the doctor went into the lawyer's house he stopped because _____.
   A. the lawyer was too poor to pay his bills
   B. the lawyer had a bad name
   C. he knew, well he couldn’t cure the lawyer’s wife
   D. it was well-known that the lawyer would not be willing to pay what he should
2. After the lawyer’s wife died, the doctor _____.
   A. got nothing but the money for the medicine
   B. got his pay
   C. got no money at all
   D. didn’t want to take the pay
3. The doctor was very sorry because _____.
   A. he didn’t cure the lawyer’s wife
   B. the lawyer’s wife was badly ill
   C. he killed the lawyer’s wife
   D. the lawyer paid nothing for his work
4. Which do you think is the best title for the passage?
   A. The Lawyer and His Wife.
   B. She Got Badly ILL.
   C. A Good Doctor and a Poor Lawyer.
   D. The Lawyer’s Trick.
(二)
Fire can help people in many ways. But it can also be very dangerous. Fire can heat water, warm houses, give light and cook food. But fire can burn things, too. It can burn trees, houses, animals, or people. Sometimes big fires can burn forests.
Nobody knows for sure how people began to use fire. But there are many interesting old stories about the first time a man or a woman started a fire. One story from Australia tells about a man very, very long time ago. He went up to the sun by a rope and brought fire down.
     Today people know how to make a fire with matches. Children sometimes like to play with them. But matches can be very dangerous. One match can burn a piece of paper, and then it might burn a house. A small fire can become a big fire very fast. Fires kill many people every year. So you must be careful with matches. You should also learn to put out fires. Fires need oxygen. Without oxygen they will die. There is oxygen in the fire. Cover a fire with water, sand, or sometimes with your coat. This keeps the air away from a fire and kills it. Be careful with fire, and it will help you. Be careless with fire, and it will burn you.
1. How did people begin to use a fire?
   A. We know how people began to use fire.
   B. Nobody knows how to make a fire.
   C. It was an Australian who started a fire.
   D. We are not sure how people started a fire.
2. Children mustn’t play with matches because _____.
   A. matches burn paper
   B. it isn’t interesting
   C. they can be dangerous
   D. they can burn a house
3. When you are going to put out a fire, you _____.
   A. must be careful
   B. should keep air away from it
   C. must know it is dangerous
   D. should cover it with water only
4. We must be careful with fire, or it _____.
   A. will die                    B. will warm our houses
   C. might burn us               D. will help us
                                  (三)
Everything has a name. All people, places, and things have names. For example, Jenny is the name of a student from England. England is the name of her country. Cities and towns have names, too. Schools and office buildings also have names. All things have names. For example, tomato, potato and bean are names of vegetables. Apple, orange and banana are names of fruits. Names are important.
     We use names every day. When we meet a new person, we usually ask, “What’s your name?” It is important to learn a person’s name. Most people have two names. Some people have more names. Names are different all over the world. In Jenny’s class, Jenny must learn the names of students from all over the world. This is very difficult because the names are very different.
     In the United States, most people have a first name, a middle name, and a last name. Parents choose the first and middle names for their baby. There are names for boys and names for girls. For example, John, Peter, Tom, and Mike are all names for boys. Elizabeth, Betty, Susan, and Mary are all names for girls. The last name is the family name. Usually it is the father’s family name. In a family, the mother, the father, and the children usually have the same last name.
     Sometimes a person has a nickname, too. A nickname is a special name. It is not a person’s real name. Abraham Lincoln's nickname was “Honest Abe”. An honest person always tells the truth, and Abe is short for Abraham. Because he was an honest person, his nickname was “Honest Abe”. Pele is a nickname, too. The football player’s real name is Edison Arantes de Nascimento, but everyone calls him Pele. Do you have a nickname?
      Names are different all over the world. They can be long or short, but they are always very important.
1. Why is it difficult to learn names all over the world?
   A. There are many names all over the world.
   B. The names in different countries are different.
   C. Some names are very long, and some are very short.
   D. Some people have nicknames.
2. Which of the following is TRUE?
   A. Chinese people find it very easy to learn the names of English people.
   B. English people find it very easy to learn the names of American people.
   C. Jenny finds it very easy to learn the names of students from all over the world.
   D. Any name is very difficult to learn.
3. What names are for girls?
   A. George, Linda, Susan.
   B. Tom, Jill, Cindy.
   C. Elizabeth, Lisa, Mary.
   D. Peter, Jeff, Jack.
4. Usually the last name is _____ family name.
   A. the father’s
   B. the grandfather’s
   C. the mother’s
   D. the grandmother’s
(四)
Sometimes teens need to have some time away from their families. They may want to move out of the family home for a while.
     Many parents will say no to this demand. But experts say it might be a good idea to let your teens live with a friend or relative.
     “It was the break I needed at the time,” said Richard Lerner. He is talking about the time he spent living with his grandmother when he was 15.
     “It allowed me to be a different person than I was with my parents.” Lerner said. He now heads the Institute for Children, Youth and Families at Michigan State University.
     Experts say teens living away from their families can test new ways of thinking and getting along with people. They may see new solutions to problems.
     This is different from running away, the experts stress. Runaways are often fleeing serious problems.
     Some teens who want some time away from family attend a structured summer program. Others live for a while with a relative or with the family of a friend.
     If there is conflict at home, having a teen live elsewhere can benefit other family members. It gives everyone space to develop better relationships.
     Joseph Kett teaches history at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville. He says living at home until the late teen years has become the norm only in recent times.
     “In the 17th century, children were often sent to live in other people’s homes when they were about 10 or 11,” he said.
     Peter Sheras teaches education at the University of Virginia. He said parents should listen when a child wants to move out. They should try to find out why the child wants some time away.
     Often, parents can help the child find a safe place to stay during that time. In other cases, they can meet the child’s needs at home.
1. According to this passage, many parents think it _____ for their children to live away from them.
A. right             B. happy            C. unsafe            D. reasonable
2. When children seriously disagree with their parents, experts suggest that parents should _____.
A. punish them                          B. let them live away from their families
C. send for a teacher                      D. keep them in the house
3. In history, _____.
A. teens never left their families             B. teens often left their parents
C. teens never went to school               D. teens never make friends with each other
4. Nowadays living away and running away from home _____.
A. never happen                         B. often worry parents and teachers
C. are very popular                      D. are accepted by people
(五)
Once upon a time (not so very long ago, either!) industrial goods were made to last forever. If you bought a car or a stove, it was a once-in-a-lifetime investment. You paid good money for it, and you took care of it. Nowadays industry has persuaded us that products shouldn’t last a long time. It’s cheaper to throw them away than it is to repair them. This has led directly to the “throw-away society” which is a tremendous waste of the earth’s resources.
  Just think of the cars that are traded in daily, just because they are out of style. Think of the expensive packaging material that is thrown away every time a new object is bought. And we consumers have to pay for that material! Our industrial society has turned us into spoiled children. This wastefulness has gotten us into the mess we are in now. When we have no resources left, then we’ll start to take care of what we have. But why can’t we act before this happens? Why can’t we go back to being a society in which the prevention of waste is a virtue?
1. Products used to be made to last _____.
A. for at least five years
B. for ten years
C. for as long as you take good care of them
D. for your whole life
2. To persuade people not to repair a used product, industry says that _____.
A. they should change their taste
B. it is difficult to find a repair shop
C. they will spend less money buying a new object than repairing an old one
D. industrial products will be out of style too soon
3. According to the passage, the customers have to pay for _____ as well as for the goods.
A. the advertisement                 B. the tax
C. the repair                         D. the wrapping material
4. What’s the author’s attitude towards the waste of the earth’s resources?
A. Negative.                        B. Positive.
C. Neutral.                                D. Enthusiastic.
(六)
There is an English saying, “Laughter is the best medicine.” Until recently, few people took the saying seriously. Now, however, doctors have begun to look into laughter and the effects it has on the human body. They have found that laughter really can improve people’s health.
     Tests were carried out to study the effects of laughter on the body. People watched funny films while doctors checked their heart, blood pressure, breathing and muscles. It was found that laughter has similar effects to physical exercise. It increases blood pressure, the heart beating and breathing; it also works several groups of muscles in the face, the stomach, and even the feet. If laughter exercises the body, it must be beneficial.
     Other tests have shown that laughter appears to be able to reduce the effect of pain on the body. In one experiment doctors produced pain in groups of students who listened to different radio programs. The group that tolerated the pain for the longest time was the group which listened to a funny program. The reason why laughter can reduce pain seems to be that it helps to produce a kind of chemicals in the brain which diminish both stress and pain.
     As a result of these discoveries, some doctors in the United States now hold laughter clinics, in which they help to improve their patients’ condition by encouraging them to laugh. They have found that even if their patients do not really feel like laughing, making them smile is enough to produce beneficial effects similar to those caused by laughter.
1. The main idea of the passage is _____.
    A. laughter and physical exercise have similar effects on the human body
    B. smile can produce the same effects as laughter
    C. pain can be reduced by laughter
    D. laughter is the best medicine
2. The students who _____ tolerated the pain for the longest time.
    A. listened to different radio programs
    B. could produce a kind of chemicals
    C. don’t have stress or pain
    D. listened to a funny program
3. The underlined word “diminish” is similar to _____.
    A. test          B. stop           C. reduce           D. increase
4. Doctors hold laughter clinics _____.
    A. to give better condition to their patients
    B. in order to improve patients' health
    C. to make patients smile
    D. to prove smile and laughter have the same effect
(七)
This is News on the Hour, Ed Wilson reporting. The President and First Lady will visit Africa on a goodwill tour in May. They plan to visit eight African countries.
Reports from China say the Chinese want closer ties between China and the U.S. and Western Europe. A group of Chinese scientists will start its ten-nation tour next month.
     Here in Miami, the mayor is still meeting with the leaders of the teachers’ union to try to find a way to end the strike. City schools are still closed after two weeks.
     In news about health, scientists in California report findings of a relationship between the drinking of coffee and the increase of heart disease among women. According to the report in the American Medical Journal, the five-year study shows this: Women who drink more than two cups of coffee a day have a greater chance of having heart disease than women who do not.
     In sports the Chargers lost again last night. The BBS beat them 1 to nothing. The Wingers had better results. They beat the Rifles 7 to 3. It was their first win in their last five matches.             That’s the News on the Hour. And now back to more easy listening with Jan Singer.
1. A group of top Chinese scientists will _____.
    A. visit the U. S. and Western Europe to improve the ties between China and them
    B. come closer to the U. S. and Western Europe
    C. close the door of China to the U. S. and Western Europe
    D. improve the ties between the U. S. and Western Europe
2. From the news in Miami we know _____.
    A. the mayor has agreed with the teachers' union
    B. the teachers' strike will last long
    C. students haven't been to school for two weeks
    D. the mayor was trying to end the schools
3. The news about health tells us that _____.
    A. no heart disease will be found if people don't drink coffee
    B. no one should drink more than two cups of coffee a day
    C. the more coffee people drink, the more chance they will get to have heart disease
    D. women’s heart disease has something to do with their drinking of coffee
4. From the last news we do NOT know _____.
    A. the results of the two matches
    B. the number of the teams which played last night
    C. how many wins the BBS has had altogether
    D. the Wingers has had one win and four defeats recently
(八)
The war had begun, and George had joined the air force. He wanted to be a pilot and after some months he managed to get to the air force training school, where they taught pilots to fly.
There, the first thing that new students had to do was to be taken up in a plane by an experienced pilot, to give them some ideas what it felt like. Even those who had traveled as passengers in commercial airline planes before found it strange to be in the cockpit (驾驶舱)of a small fighter plane, and most of the students felt nervous.
The officer who had to take the students up for their first flight allowed them to fly the plane for a few seconds if they wanted to and if they were not too frightened to try, but he was always ready to take over as soon as the plane started to do dangerous things.
George was one of those who took over the controls of the plane when he went up in it for the first time, and after the officer had taken them from him again. George thought that he had better ask a few questions to show how interested he was and how much he wanted to learn to fly. There were a number of instruments in front of him, so he chose one and asked the officer what it was. The officer looked at him strangely for a moment and then answered, “That is the clock.”
1. George went to the air force training school because he wanted _____.
A. to fight the war               B. to fly
 C. to be a pilot                  D. to be a passenger
2. The first thing George did at the training school was _____.
 A. to take an experienced pilot in a plane
 B. to be taken up into the air in a plane by an officer
 C. to fly a commercial plane
 D. to talk about his ideas
3. The officer allowed _____.
 A. the students to fly the plane all the time
 B. all students to fly the plane
 C. the students who were not frightened to fly on their own
 D. some students to fly a little while
4. George asked the question because he wanted to show that he was _____.
 A. interesting                   B. not nervous
 C. different                     D. eager to learn
(九)
The English language we know today is about six hundred years old. For half that time, English was just the language of the people living in England. The modern English language grew by about the year 1 400. Now English is the most widely spoken language in the world. It is one of the working languages at international meetings, business, science and other fields.
The differences between American English and British English are not very great. Written English is more or less the same in both Britain and America, though there are some spelling differences. For example, centre, licence, colour and travelled are spelt as center, license, color and traveled in American English. In America “cock, rubber, ill, holiday, lorry, post...” are called “rooster, eraser, sick, vacation, truck, mail...” But people from the two countries can still understand each other easily.
There are only a very small number of differences in grammar between American English and British English. The most important differences are in spoken English. For example, Americans pronounce “tomato” differently from English people. You may wonder “Which is correct?” The answer is that it does not matter. You should speak either American English or British English. But do not try to speak both at the same time.
1. When was English only spoken in England?
    A. About the 6th century.       B. Before the 17th century.
    C. Before the 14th century.      D. Before the 15th century.
2. Which sentence about the differences between British and American English is NOT true?
    A. There are some small spelling differences.
    B. Most of the words are the same.
    C. There are quite a few differences in grammar.
    D. There are lots of differences in spoken English.
3. _____ are the words in American English.
    A. Rooster, eraser, color, truck , mail
    B. Vacation, iii, travelled, licence, center
    C. Mail, traveled, sick, color, license
    D. Sick, truck, color, rooster, post
4. The writer asks us not to try to speak both at the same time because _____.
    A. it isn’t necessary to know their differences
    B. there are only a few differences in spoken English
    C. it will be difficult for others to understand you
D. it's hard to remember the differences at the same time
(十)
In England, people often talk about the weather because they can experience four seasons in one day. In the morning the weather is warm just like in spring. An hour later black clouds come and then it rains hard. The weather gets a little cold. In the late afternoon the sky will be sunny, the sun will begin to shine, and it will be summer at this time of a day.
In England, people can also have summer in winter, or have winter in summer. So in winter they can swim sometimes, and in summer sometimes they should take warm clothes.
  When you go to England, you will see that some English people usually take an umbrella or a raincoat with them in the sunny morning, but you should not laugh at them.
  If you don't take an umbrella or a raincoat, you will regret later in the day.
1. Why do people in England often talk about the weather?
 A. Because they may have four seasons in one day.
 B. Because they often have very good weather.
 C. Because the weather is warm just like in spring.
 D. Because the sky is sunny all day.
2. From the story we know that _____ come and then there is a heavy rain.
 A. sunshine and snow                   B. black clouds
 C. summer and winter                   D. spring and autumn
3. “People can also have summer in winter,” means “It is sometimes too _____ in winter.”
 A. warm           B. cool           C. cold           D. rainy
4. In the sunny morning some English people usually take a raincoat or an umbrella with them because _____.
 A. their friends ask them to do so         B. it often rains in England
 C. they are going to sell them            D. they are their favorite things
(十一)
It was a case of emergency. The four-year-old girl awoke and smelled smoke. She couldn't wake her mother, so she dialed "zero", An operator immediately called the fire department. Help was sent, and a tragedy avoided.
     Days before this emergency, the mother had taught her child how to telephone for help. Children as young as two and one-half years old can be taught to use the phone in emergency situations. Here are some points.
     Memorizing certain facts is important. Teach your children their names, and the section of town where you live. Try to keep what they learn within their abilities. Simple information, learned well, is better than difficult information only partly learned.
     Be sure your children know how to use the telephone. They should be taught to dial "zero" for the operator, at the very least. And they should be taught to dial "911" if it is used in your town.
     Practice over a period of several days. Over-learning is necessary so the child can act automatically in case of emergency.
     If you would like a booklet giving instructions on calling for help, write Telephone For Help, Box 99, Bowling Green Station, New York, NY 10004.
1. From this passage, why is it a good idea for children to learn how to use the telephone?
     A. Children have fun dialing.
     B. Emergencies happen without warning.
     C. Children can wake their parents.
     D. Dialing can help children with their math study.
2. Based on this passage, over-learning is good because __
     A. simple information is used
     B. children should know their names
     C. it helps children act automatically
     D. difficult information is only partly learned
3. Paragraph 4 talks about dialing "911". This number is probably __
     A. the operator
     B. an emergency number
     C. a practice number for children
     D. used to keep children calm
4. What is the main idea of the passage?
     A. Give instructions on calling for help.
     B. Partly-learned information is useless.
     C. Teach children how to deal with emergencies.
     D. Keep what children learn within their abilities.
(十二)
Online distance learning is an instructional system which connects learners with educational resources. Students work on their own at home, at work, or at school and communicate with faculty and other students by means of e-mail, electronic meetings, videoconferencing, chat rooms, instant messaging and other forms of computer-based communication. There are both advantages and disadvantages to online distance learning.
There are many benefits to using online distance learning environments. Online education is available all the time, anywhere and to all people. However, there are weaknesses for some learners. The online learner only has the written text and no other face-to-face hints. This may confuse the learner and cause misunderstanding. While distance learning allows for an openness, it is also difficult because it is done by e-mail messages and writing, and therefore may take more time than face-to-face learning. Sometimes the messages can be overwhelming for many online students.
      Universities, colleges and schools use online distance learning environments. These are important for students who may be unable to attend classes for various reasons like illnesses or busy everyday schedules. Some learners just want to further their studies at home. They enjoy the convenience of home learning as they take regular programs or enrichment classes.
      Online courses keep learners very occupied at all hours of the day. There are a great many messages and other online resources to read and respond to. Most learners have regular jobs or attend regular school classes on ground as well. However, the benefits are clear. Online distance learning is becoming very popular. Some online classes have become a profitable business as they replace regular traditional means of learning.
1. Which of the following is TRUE of the passage about online distance learning?
     A. It has more disadvantages than advantages.
     B. It is a learning form based on internet.
     C. It is not available for some students.
     D. It has only enrichment classes.
2. Sometimes online distance learning can be a problem because __
     A. learners can't afford it           B. learners get too many hints
     C. it involves excessive writing      D. it is not available at the weekend
3. One of the good aspects of online distance learning is __
     A. speed                         B. convenience
     C. easy operation                  D. variety of instruction
4. With regular means of learning, the learners have to study __
     A. at school
     B. on their own
     C. at all hours of the day
     D. by means of reading and writing
 (十三)
    The winter in Iceland has been one of the worst ever. An animal that was born in Iceland and just returned there has enjoyed the weather. Keiko is a killer whale who is now living in a hidden bay.
     When Keiko was one or two years old, he was captured. This was in 1979. In 1982 he was moved to an amusement part in Ontario, Canada. Three years later another park took him to Mexico City. There, the 6.4-meter (21-foot) whale lived in a small pen with water that was too warm. In 1993 the "Free Willy" movie made people aware of his state. In 1996 the Free Willy Keiko Foundation moved him to a pool in an aquarium in Newport, Oregon.
     The foundation has spent over $12 million to return Keiko to Iceland, his home. Late last year the 40,000-pound (18,100-kilogram) whale was flown on a C-17 transport plane to pen near the Wesman Islands.
     Critics thought Keiko would suffer in the cold water. Instead, he is enjoying the cold and becomes more active. He likes to jump out of the water to get sprayed by the salt spray. Since his return, he acts more like a wild whale. He dives more often, eats more live fish, and is more active.
     Keiko still isn't ready to go out alone into the open sea. Trainers hope to put him in a larger bay. They also hope to train him to follow a boat. They don't know what Keiko will do when he meets other sea animals. So far the only animals who have come near Keiko's cage left when they saw him.
     They would like to let Keiko free this summer. No one knows if he will be ready. If he isn't, the Keiko Foundation is ready to take care of him. It will cost about $1 million a year.
1. Critics thought that Keiko would __.
    A. die from the cold water in Iceland
    B. be happy to return home
    C. want to be free
    D. be less active
2. Keiko has __.
    A. enjoyed being with other sea animals
    B. killed other sea animals that have come into his pen
    C. had limited contact with other sea animals
    D. is ready to go to the open sea
3. This summer trainers hope to __.
    A. give Keiko a freedom in the wild
    B. immediately set him free
    C. move him to another aquarium
    D. still keep him in the cage
4. If Keiko can't adjust to the wild, the foundation __.
    A. will set him free anyway
    B. will bring him back to the United States
    C. will take care of him for the rest of his life
    D. won't be able to take care of him
(十四)
Many people catch a cold in the springtime and/or fall. It makes us wonder.., if scientists can send a man to the moon, why can't they find a cure for the common cold. The answer is easy. There are literally hundreds of kinds of cold viruses out there. You never know which one you will get, so there isn't a cure for each one.
When a virus attacks your body, your body works hard to get rid of it. Blood rushes to your nose and brings congestion with it. You feel terrible because you can't breathe well, but your body is actually "eating" the virus. Your temperature rises and you get a fever, but the heat of your body is killing the virus. You also have a runny nose to stop the virus from getting to your cells. You may feel miserable, but actually your wonderful body is doing everything it can to kill the cold.
  Different people have different remedies for colds. In the United States and some other countries, for example, people might eat chicken soup to feel better. Some people take hot baths and drink warm liquids. Other people take medicines to stop the fever, congestion, and runny nose.
  There is one interesting thing to note--some scientists say taking medicines when you have a cold is actually bad for you. The virus stays in you longer because your body doesn't have a way to fight it and kill it. Bodies can do an amazing job on their own. There is a joke, however, on taking medicine when you have a cold. It goes like this:
  If takes about one week to get over a cold if you don't take medicine, but only seven days to get over a cold if you take medicine.
1. The reason that scientists cannot cure a common cold is __.
 A. we don't know how we get cold
 B. we aren't sure the exact kind of cold viruses
 C. we don't know when we will catch cold
 D. we aren't sure the exact scientific method
2. When we catch cold, how does our body work hard?
    A. Our runny nose stops our breath.
    B. Our temperature rises to make us feel miserable.
    C. Our blood rushes into our cells.
    D. Our nose, fever, and blood work together to kill virus.
3. Scientists say when we catch cold, __.
    A. taking medicine
    B. seeing a doctor
    C. leaving it to your body
    D. making a joke to your friend
4. The joke means taking medicine __.
    A. is better than not taking it
    B. needs longer time to recover
    C. is the same with no medicine
    D. has no effect
(十五)
Every morning, kids from a local high school are working hard. They are making and selling special coffee at a coffee cafe. They are also making a lot of money.
  These students can make up to twelve hundred dollars a day. They are selling their special coffee to airplane passengers. After the students get paid, the rest of the money goes to helping a local youth project.
  These high school students use a space in the Oakland airport. It is usually very crowded. Many people who fly on the planes like to drink the special coffee.
  One customer thinks that the coffee costs a lot but it is good and worth it. Most customers are pleasant but some are unhappy. They do not like it if the coffee cafe is not open for business.
  The students earn $6.10 an hour plus tips. They also get school credit while they learn how to run a business. Many of the students enjoy the work although it took some time to learn how to do it.
  They have to learn how to steam milk, load the pots, and add flavor. It takes some skill and sometimes mistakes are made. The most common mistake is forgetting to add the coffee.
1. Who runs the coffee cafe?
 A. A high school.                     B. Students in a high school.
 C. Teachers in a high school.            D. A business company.
2. Which statement is NOT tree?
    A. Students who work in the caf6 earn a lot of money.
    B. At the same time they learn how to run business.
    C. They also get school credit.
    D. They give the money they earned to their school too.
3. All of the money that the students make goes to helping a local ___project.
    A. youth        B. store         C. adult         D. sports
4. Most customers are pleasant but some are unhappy because __.
    A. they don't think the skill to make coffee is necessary for students
    B. they think the cafe should be open for business
    C. they feel that the work is hard for students
    D. they think the special coffee is too expensive
(十六)
If you want to stay young, sit down and have a good think. This is the research result of professor Faulkner, who says that most of our brains are not getting enough exercise and as a result, we are ageing unnecessarily soon.
     Professor Faulkner wanted to find out why healthy farmers in northern Japan appeared to be losing their ability to think and to reason at a relatively early age, and how the process of ageing could be slowed down.
     He set about measuring brain volumes of a thousand people of different ages and occupations.
     Computer technology enabled him to obtain precise measurements of the volume of the front and side sections of the brain, which relate to intelligence and emotion, and determine the human character.
     Contraction of front and side parts--as cells die off--was observed in some subjects in their thirties, but it was still not evident in some sixty- and seventy-year-olds.
     Faulkner concluded from his tests that there is a simple way to slow the contraction—using the head.
     The findings show that contraction of the brain begins sooner in people in the country than in the towns. Those least at risk, says Faulkner, are lawyers, followed by university professors and doctors. White--collar workers doing routine work are, however, as likely to have shrinking brains as the farm worker, bus driver and shop assistant.
     Faulkner's findings show that thinking can prevent the brain from shrinking. Blood must circulate properly in the head to supply the fresh oxygen the brain cells need. “The best way to maintain good blood circulation is through using the brain,” he says. “Think hard and engage in conversation. Don't rely on pocket calculators.”
1. Professor Faulkner wanted to find out ___.
    A. how people's brains shrink
    B. the way of making people live longer
    C. the size of certain people's brains
    D. why certain people aged sooner than others
2. Faulkner's research findings are based on ___.
    A. a survey of farmers in northern Japan
    B. tests performed on a thousand old people
    C. the study of brain volumes of different people
    D. the latest development of computer technology
3. The professor's tests show that ___.
    A. our brains shrink as we grow old
    B. the front section of the brain does not shrink
    C. seventy-year-olds have better brains than sixty-year-olds
    D. brain contraction may vary among people of the same age
4. According to the passage, which group of people seem to age slower than the others?
    A. Farmers.      B. Lawyers.     C. Clerks.   D. Shop assistants.
(十七)
Above all know your audience and match what you say to their needs. Creating your presentation with your audience in mind will assure that your audience will follow you. If your presentation doesn't appeal to your audience -- no matter how well you have developed your presentation--your presentation will fall on deaf ears. This leads us to the next rule: Know your material thoroughly. Your material needs to be second nature to you. Practice and rehearse your presentation with friends, in front of a mirror, and with colleagues. If you are speaking in a second language, make sure that you record yourself and listen to a number of times before going to practice with a native speaker (if possible).
     Remember that you are an actor when presenting. Make sure that not only your physical appearance is appropriate to the occasion, but also the tone you use is well chosen. If your topic is serious, be solemn. However, it's always a good idea to begin your presentation with an ice-breaker. Don't worry about making friends, rather lead the audience through your materials in a calm and relaxed manner. Speak slowly and clearly, and remember to address everyone in the audience -- even the person the farthest away from you.
     To achieve the above goals, follow these tips when giving your presentation:
     ●  Speak with conviction. Believe what you are saying and you will persuade your audience.
     ●  Do not read from notes. Referring to notes is fine, but do so only briefly.
     ●  Maintain eye contact with your audience. Making direct eye contact with individuals will help them feel as if they are participating in your presentation.
     ●  Bring handouts. Don't just use a PowerPoint presentation. Provide audience member with handouts of the most important materials so they can keep your most important task always in mind.
     ●  Know when to stop. This cannot be underestimated. You need to make your case, but continuing for too long will only ensure that the audience forgets what you have said.
1. What is the most important thing to remember when making a presentation?
    A. Match your presentation to the needs of your audience.
    B. Make sure to wear your best clothes.
    C. Bring detailed handouts.
    D. Know your material thoroughly.
2. What should you do before your practice in a second language?
    A. Take photos of you presenting.
    B. Record yourself presenting.
    C. Read through your presentation.
    D. Read aloud to your foreign friends.
3. Why should you know when to stop?
    A. Because you need rest.
    B. Because audience may fall asleep.
    C. Because you may be tired for talking too long.
    D. Because it can make audience remember what you said.
4. Handouts are important because ___.
    A. they have your contact information written on them
    B. they contain the key takeaways of your presentation
    C. they provide pictures for the audience to look at
    D. they can be used for audience to take notes                              
 (十八)
Some college students drink too much alcohol at school. Many of them live on the campus. Heavy drinking has caused many problems. It can cause students to make bad choices and do dangerous things.
        One college has decided to ban alcohol. It has gotten a reputation as a party school. Five students at the college have died from drinking too much alcohol. Recently, one student drank too much vodka. He slipped into a coma. The college hopes the new rule will prevent any more tragedies.
          The new rule prohibits students from drinking alcohol in the dorms. The first time a student breaks the rule they will receive a warning. If they break the rule again, they will be evicted from the dorm. However, they will still have to pay for the dorm. Some students do not live on the campus. They live in houses near the campus. Those students are also banned from drinking alcohol, even if they are of legal age.
       Freshmen at the college are now required to take a special course. The course is called AlcoholEdu, and lasts for two and a half hours. The students learn about the dangers of alcohol. They also take a survey to find out how much they know about alcohol. All first-year students must pass the course.
 The college hopes that more information will help students make better choices.
1. __ at the college are required to take the alcohol information course.
 A. Sophomores       B. Freshmen         C. Seniors       D. Juniors
2. How do officials know that alcohol is a problem at the school?
 A. Students are getting bad grades.
B. There are too many bars on the campus.
 C. Only a few students drink.
 D. Several students have died and one is in a coma.
3. Why does the college want all freshmen to take the alcohol course?
 A. Only freshmen drink alcohol.
 B. The other students already know about alcohol dangers.
 C. They want to reach students as soon as they enter college.
 D. Freshmen do not know much.
4. What has the college become known for?
 A. It's known for its lack of heavy drinking by students.
 B. It's known for heavy alcohol used by students.
 C. It's known for its great teachers.
D. It's known for its great classes.
 
V. Daily Conversation
Directions: Pick out appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the following dialogues by writing the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
(一)

A. She dies 2 years ago.          B. In 1997.                 C. Neither.
D. Yes, but only a little.          E. To take dancing lessons.     F. Since last year.
G. Quite often.                 H. It's wonderful.

1. Henry: Which do you prefer, a pear or a banana?
    Alice: _____________
2. Joe: Does your father speak French?
   Ann: _____________
3. Fred: How long have you been in the army?
  Nancy: _____________
4. Bill: Do you often hear young Jane singing in her room?
   Mary: _____________
5. Pat: How do you like the TV play?
   Jane: _____________
(二)

A. It sounds good enough.   B. Of course you can.          C. They often jump.
D. I'm sorry. I forgot.       E. But it’s better than nothing.    F. He asked a few questions.
G. No. I passed it.          H. You go straight to bed.

1. Fred: Did you fail the test again?
Nancy: ____________
2. Pat: Why shouldn’t we go to the beach first and then come back to the hotel for dinner?
Mary: ____________
3. Bill: I want to learn how to play the piano, but I don’t know if I could do it.
Jane: ____________
4. Joe: I told you not to smoke here any more.
Ann: ____________
5. Henry: I hate this house. It’s cold in winter and hot in summer.
Alice: ____________
(三)

A. also going to make                  B. begins
C. There will be a problem              D. That'll be interesting
E. taking place                        F. Is Alan attending
G. Where is Alan                      H. that'll be fine

Alice: We're having a meeting tomorrow. Can you make it?
Kevin: When is it  1  ?
Alice: We're planning on 10 o'clock. Is that OK?
Kevin: Yes,  2  
Alice: We're going to go over last quarter's sales figures.
Kevin: Good. I have some input I'd like to make.
Alice: Frank is   3  some suggestions on improving the bottom line.
Kevin:   4  . He's got keen insights.
Alice: Yes, he's going to outline some new sales strategies.
Kevin:   5  ?
Alice: No, he's flying to San Francisco and won't be able to make it.
Kevin: Oh well, maybe He'll phone in.
 
第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)
VI. Writing
Directions: For this part, you are supposed to write an E-mail in about 100-120 words
according to the information given in Chinese below. Remember to write it clearly on
ANSWER SHEET.
(一)你是李勇,上周错过了与Stella讨论她的论文的约会,写封信给她,内容包括:
(1)对错过约会表示十分遗憾;
(2)当天你很早就乘公共汽车去赴约了;
(3)在路上出了事(如公共汽车与小汽车相撞,你的右手受了重伤,被送到医院治疗);
(4)告诉她近期无法再次约会,希望她把相关的资料用电子邮件发给你。 
(二)你的名字叫王东方,在《今晚报》上见到一则广告,Good Hope公司招聘外贸工作人员。写封信给该单位的人事部,内容包括:
(1)介绍个人情况(如何时、何地、何校毕业,学位和专业);
(2)学习过的主要课程(如国际贸易、公司法、法律与会计);
(3)个人性格;
(4)希望面谈。
(三)写一篇有关压力的文章。内容包括:
(1)压力是什么?
(2)减压的办法。